Geology

Geology

Troodos
Geopark

The Troodos Geopark Visitor Centre

Science has proven that the Troodos mountains were formed over 92million years ago. They formed at the deepest depths of the ocean and emerged out of the sea, like the Greek Goddess Aphrodite, forming the mountain range and the island as it stands today.

Discover this uniqueness of Troodos mountain, and all the at the Troodos Georpark Visitor Centre, comprised in an area of 1.147 km2. The Centre, a proud member of the ”UNESCO Global Network of Geoparks”, contains information about the history of the area and a representation of the Troodos ophiolite sequence. Located near the old Asbestos mine, in a newly restored building of fine architecture and historic characteristics.

Delve into the history and geology of the area by exploring the exhibits of abandoned asbestos and chromite mines, evidence of the rich mining history of the island. Find rock exhibits, interactive high-tech display and video information of the island’s emergence from the sea.

The Geopark visitor Center also,

Before entering the Centre have a look at the entrance and take in the unique garden displaying all the rocks one will encounter in the area. An impressive maquette of the geology of the area, will highlight all the important sites found in the area. Learn about the procedure of copper production by examining the exhibits of ancient pyro-metallurgical furnace.

Finally,

Take a piece of Troodos with you. Choose memorabilia from the shop made of raw materials found in the Troodos area.

We are confident
that a visit

Troodos is a source of scientific inspiration, education and insight into the geological processes taking place in the deepest part of the oceans. Hence, a visit at the Geopark Centre will one of the most extraordinary experiences.

Opening Hours

Admission

Weekly 09.00-16.00, except Monday
Adults €3 – Children €2

Phone

Email

Go to website

Revenues from ticket sales will be used for actions of the geopark. Special prices for Groups over 10 people.

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Waterfalls & Dams

Waterfalls

& Dams

Waterfalls &
Dams

Hidden away in the deep forest of the Troodos mountain area, are picturesque wonders of nature. Filled with natural river networks, during winter months, rain transforms into rivers and dams fill with water. Explore the forest and admire cascading waters at one of the waterfalls, walk along the rivers and enjoy the peaceful sound of streaming water and witness the beauty of dams filled with 17 species of fish. Take the opportunity to fish at one of the six dams: Kafizes dam – Kalopanagiotis dam – Palaichori dam – Prodromos dam – Xyliatos dam – Asprokremmos dam. Due to the long, dry summers the island’s water supply relies on the dams and when the winter rain overflows them, a picturesque spectacle is devised.

For fishing you need to get a special permit to be able to fish.

Around three thousand are fishing enthusiasts in our watercourses, who each year obtain a permit from the Department of Fisheries. Amateur fishermen are particularly interested in dams where there are mostly trout.

Licenses and terms

The fishing licenses are issued by the headquarters, as well as by the District Offices of the Fisheries Department. The process of obtaining a fishing license is simple, as long as the interested party presents his complete details and pays the corresponding fee.

KALEDONIA FALLS


Journey along a nature trail along the river Kryos and uncover one of the most attractive and renowned falls in Cyprus. At an altitude of 1330 meters north of Pano Platres, splashing…

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XANTARA FALLS


Within dense pine forest, filled by golden oak, bushes and shrubs at an altitude on 1035meters one will discover the Xantara waterfalls. Eight-meter-high waterfalls form…

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MILLOMERIS FALLS


The highest waterfall of the Troodos mountain range are the Millomeris Falls. Water falls vehemently from a height of 20 meters on rocks composed of diabase. Located along the river…

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MESA POTAMOS FALLS


At an altitude of 1000 meters, along the river bed of Arkolachanias or Mesa Potamos river, one comes across the Mesa Potamos waterfalls. Located north…

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ARMINOU DAM


An awe inspiring dam fed by the Diarizos River, is the Arminou dam. Located northeast of the Arminou village a dam with 4.3 million cubic meters’ capacity, it is an experience…

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XYLIATOS DAM


Built during the 80s, between the villages of Xyliatos and Lagoudera, nestles the Xyliatos dam. Mirrored by the water filling the dam is the dense pine forest. Encircled by…

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KALOPANAGIOTIS DAM


Just outside the village of Kalopayiotis, discover a man-made lake operating since 1969. The Kalopayiotis dam, is a popular hotspot for trout fishing, as it’s the only…

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PRODROMOS DAM


Cocooned by dense pine forest at an altitude of 1600 meters, is a rectangular artificial lake constructed in 1962. With a capacity of 122,000 cubic meters, the Prodromos…

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Unesco Heritage

Unesco Heritage

Unesco Heritage

One of the first chosen lands the Apostles chose to spread the message of Christianity, Cyprus has deep religious roots. Being incorporated in the Classical Roman Empire and the Eastern Byzantine Empire, the island had many Byzantine monuments worth visiting. Ten of them are of such great importance and historic significance they were included in the UNESCO World Heritage List added in 1985. Churches dating from the 11th to 17th century can be found in the Troodos mountain range.

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PANAGIA TOU ARAKA

Built in the 12th century, the church of Panagia tou Arakos, is considered to be one of the most important Byzantine churches of the period. Find it amongst pine trees and mountains between the villages of Lagoudera and Saranti in the Pitsilia area. Upon entering the church one is amazed by the unique frescoes decorating the walls of the church, each telling an important biblical story. Funded by Leon Afthentis in 1192, they were painted in late Comnenain style. The frescoes are the most complete collection of mid-Byzantine time one can find in Cyprus.

The church, which used to be a monastery, was houses two important icons on of Christ and of the Panagia of Arakiotissa painted by Theodoro Apsevdi in the late 12th century.

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Audio Guide

  • Opening Hours:

    Monday – Saturday: 9:00 – 16:00

    Sunday: 11:00 – 16:00
  • Entrance Fee:

    Free

PANAGIA ASINOU

Sitting on the north foothill, on the east bank of a stream, is the church of Forviotissa or better known as Panagia of Asinou. Within unearth magnificent Byzantine art which were created from the 12th to the 19th century and survived through time for visitors to admire. Frescoes decorating the walls date from the 12th to the 17th century.

Find the church three kilometres south of the village of Nikitari.

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Audio Guide

  • Opening Hours:

    Monday – Saturday: 9:30 – 16:00

    Sunday: 11:00 – 16:00
  • Telephone:

    +357 22852922
  • Entrance Fee:

    Free

AGIOS IOANNIS LAMPADISTIS

Clinging on the slopes of the Marathasa valley, above the river Setrachos, is the monastery of Agios (Saint) Ioannis Lampadistis. Overlooking the village of Kalopanagiotis, the monastery consists of builds dating from the 11th to the 18th century each added to the complex over time.

Move below the church of Agios Ioannis Lambadistis and unearth the saint’s miraculous remains in a silver plated reliquary, dating to the 12th century. Visit the 11th century church of Saint Herakleidios, and admire the ancient wood templon and unique frescoes. Additionally, discover the Italian influence in Cyprus by visiting the Latin Chapel housing the most complete series of Italo-Byzantine art.

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Audio Guide

  • Opening Hours:

    16 / 4 – 15 / 9

    Monday – Saturday: 9:00 – 13:00 – 14:00 – 18:00

    Sunday: 10:30 – 13:30 – 14:30 – 18:00

    16 / 9-15 / 4

    Monday-Saturday 9:00 – 13:00 – 14:00 – 16:00

    Sunday: 10:30 – 16:00
  • Entrance Fee:

    Free

AGIOS NIKOLAOS TIS STEGIS

Travel just 2km southwest of the village of Kakopetria and discover a church built on the west bank of the river Klarios/Karkotis. The church of Agios Nikolaos tis Stegis was the only building which survived from an 11th century Byzantine monastery.

The church stands apart for its roof with a steep pitch where the name ‘Tis Stegis’ originates. Step inside and admire the frescoes embellishing the walls transforming the church into a museum of Byzantine art. Notable paintings are the composition of the Forty Martys and the figure of Agios Nikolaos.

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Audio Guide

  • Opening Hours:

    Closed on Monday and public holidays

    9:00 – 16:00

    Weekdays and Saturday

    11:00 – 16:00

    Sunday
  • Entrance Fee:

    Free

PANAGIA PODITHOU

Nestled north of the village of Galata, in the Solea valley is the church of Panagia Podithou. According to the inscription it was built in 1502 and used to be a monastery church.

Within the church is the gilded wood-carve iconostasi surrounded by italobyzantine style of murals depicting Apostle Peter and Paul on the north wall and biblical scenes on the rest. A notable mural is of the donor of the church as an old man with his wife donating a miniature model of the church to the Virgin Mary.

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Audio Guide

  • Opening Hours:

    Call to open

    22923548 – 99720918
  • Entrance Fee:

    Free

METAMORFOSIS SOTIROS

Traveling east from the village of Palaichori, a visitor will encounter a church overlooking the village on the hill. The church of the Transfiguration of the Saviour dates back to the 16th century and is the only church out of the ten that was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 2000.

Surround yourself with Byzantine art of great significance, upon entering the church. Created by an unknown artist with both a western and Palaiologan period influence.

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Audio Guide

  • Opening Hours Summer:

    Tuesday and Wednesday 10:00 – 13:00

    Afternoons by telephone 99974230
  • Entrance Fee:

    Free

PANAGIA MOUTOULLA

Towering above the village of Moutoullas, in the Marathasa valley, is the church of Panagia of Moutoulla.

Uncover the inscription on the north wall of the Holy Bema, standing as proof of its construction in 1280. Surrounded by frescoes of immense value and significance surviving from 1280, the visitor engrosses in art with an influence from Byzantine, crusader and Italian origin.

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Audio Guide

  • Opening Hours:

    Call to open

    +357 22952677
  • Entrance Fee:

    Free

ARCHANGELOS

Within the village of Pedoulas, the crown jewel for the community sits proudly. The church of Archangel Michael, was built and decorated in 1474, with donation of priest Vasilios Chamados.

Discover one of the best preserved wooden templon of its kind, dating back to 1474. Exquisite Byzantine art envelop the visitor. The dedicatory inscription located above the north entrance is also depicted, showing a priest accompanied by his wife and two daughters offering Archangel Michael a model of the church.

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Audio Guide

  • Opening Hours:

    Daily: 09:00 – 18:00
  • Entrance Fee:

    Free

STAVROS AGIASMATI

Surrounded by dense greenery, five kilometres northeast of the village of Patanistasa, in the Pitsilia area, lies the church of Timios Stavros tou Agiasmati.

Constructed towards the end of the 15th century it served as a monastery church. The surviving inscription on the north exterior wall the church was erected with the donation of the priest Petros Peratis and completed in 1494. He and his wife are depicted on a mural on the south exterior wall making the offering of a model church to Jesus.

With a roof extending higher than the temple, making it unique in the island, the whole interior of the church along with the four posts holding the roof are embellished with frescoes. Dividing the church in two tiers the upper depicts multi-person scenes from the new testament while the lower holds images of individual figures.

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Audio Guide

  • Opening Hours:

    Please ask for the custodian at the village coffee-shop

    +357 22652090
  • Entrance Fee:

    Free

TIMIOS STAVROS

Journey south of the biggest village in the Limassol district, Pelendri, and discover the church of Timios Stavros (Holy Cross). Attested in the sources since the late 12th century, it is believed it originally served as a cemetery church.

The original church was destroyed and the surviving apse was incorporated in a new church built between the 13th and 14th century. Enriched with byzantine art from the 14th century along with the murals on the apse with inscriptions indicating their creation in 1172.

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Audio Guide

  • Opening Hours:

    April – September

    Monday – Friday: 10:00 – 13:00 / 15:00 – 17:00

    Saturday: 10:00 – 13:00

    October – March

    Monday – Friday: 10:00 – 12:00 / 14:00 – 16:00

    Saturday: 9:00 – 13:00
  • Entrance Fee:

    Free

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Religious & Cultural Monuments

Religious & Cultural Monuments

Religious & Cultural Monuments

Seeking refuge and the peace of the Troodos mountain forest, monasteries reside on the mountains of Troodos. Take a journey of religion, history and culture and uncover the treasures lying within them. Uncover ancient icons depicting biblical stories, unique frescos decorating the monasteries and ancient relics. Learn more about the island’s history by visiting Ecclesiastical Museums filled with Byzantine treasures so priceless that ten of the churches belong to the UNESCO World Heritage List.

Whether seeking inner tranquility, a place of prairie, spiritual widening or in need to witness glorious history a visit at the places of devotion has to offer more than one can pursue.

MACHAIRAS MONASTERY

Below the Machaira Mountain, on the slopes of Mount Kionia at an altitude of 870 meters, stands the Machairas Monatery. One of the Royal and Stavropegic monasteries of the island it houses the miraculous icon of Panagia of Machiras, attributed to Agios Loukas the Evangelist. Legend has it the icon was brought to the island by a recluse in the 8th-9th century, but the icon was only uncovered later and the monastery was built in that location.

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Opening Hours:

Open daily from 08:30 – 17:30

The monastery is open for group visits only on Monday, Tuesday and Thursday from 09:00 – 12:00 (Call in advance)

KYKKOS MONASTERY

Sitting at an altitude of 4,320 feet in the Marathasa region, the most lavish and rich monastery in Cyprus exhibits national treasures available for all visitors to admire. The Monastery of Kykkos was founded at the end of the 11th century during the reign of Emperor Alexios Komnenos I and was dedicated to Panagia ( the Virgin Mary).

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Opening Hours:

November – May: 10:00-16:00

June – October: 10:00-18:00

All year round. Closed on Public Holidays

TROODITISSA MONASTERY

Nestled within green foliage and pine trees on the southern slopes of Troodos Mountains, lies the Trooditissa Monastery. Contained within is a silver leaf covered icon of the Virgin Mary along with an admirable collection of art. Built higher than any other monastery at 1370 meters high, it is one of the few monasteries which the date it was founded remains unknown. The oldest reference of the…

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Opening Hours:

Any reasonable hour

All year round

TIMIOS PRODROMOS MONASTERY

In the Troodos forest area of Mesa Potamos lies the Monastery of Timos Prodromos (St. John the Baptist). A male monastery counting 900 years of existence, faced a decline in the 18th century and was deserted in the 1950s. In the early 2000s the monastery was inhabited with a small number of …

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Opening Hours:

Any reasonable hour

All year round

PANAGIA TRIKOUKKIA MONASTERY

Travel two kilometers down from the village of Prodromos on the way towards the Platres resort and discover the Panagia Trikoukkia Monastery. Set in a mesmerizing environment with mountain views and pine forests a stone built church with a wooden roof with tiles tale stories of glory. As with other historic monasteries of the range the exact date it was founded remains undetermined, although some place it during the Byzantine time. Some consider it the oldest monastery in Cyprus.

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Opening Hours:

Any reasonable hour

All year round

PANAGIA CRYSOKOURDALIOTISSA MONASTERY

A Medieval monastery declared as an ancient monument is located at Kourdali village. Set in a tranquil natural environment with a river running along the grounds and a Venetian Bridge decorated by walnut trees, olive trees and dense pine trees. Established in the 16th century, the church is only build what is still standing. Dedicated to the Assumption of the Holy Mary, the church contains rich artwork and astounding architecture. It is the most ancient monument of the region.

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Opening Hours:

Any reasonable hour

All year round

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Museums & Places of Interest

Museums &
Places of Interest

Museums &
Places of Interest

In an island with 10 thousand years of history, the Troodos mountain range possesses numerous unique and culturally significant Ecclesiastical, Folk Art and Wine Museums where the visitor can explore history and travel in time.

Traverse the Troodos forest and discover both quaint and majestic churches painted with vibrant frescoes, pristine Byzantine art and traditional architecture. Unearth ten of them belonging on the UNESCO World Heritage List. Visit the island’s mos famous monastery, the Kykkos Momastery and admire breath-taking Byzantine art golden adorned icons and important relics.

Discover more about the how the Troodos mountain range rose from the sea and became the green heart of the island at the Troodos Geopark Visitor Centre in Amiantos and the Troodos National Forest Park Visitor Centre in Troodos Square.

Museum Of Kykkos Monastery

Sitting at an altitude of 4,320 feet in the Marathasa region, the most lavish and rich monastery in Cyprus exhibits national treasures available for all visitors to admire. The Monastery of Kykkos was founded at the end of the 11th century during the reign of Emperor Alexios Komnenos I and was dedicated to Panagia ( the Virgin Mary).

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  • Opening Hours Summer:

    10:00 am till 6:00 pm
  • Opening Hours Winter:

    10:00 am till 5:00 pm
  • Entrance Fee:

    €5

Troodos National Forest Park Visitor Centre

At the entrance of the Geopark Visitor Centre the visitors are welcomed by an amazing geological garden consisting of all the rock types encountered in the area, in stratigraphic order, representing the Troodos ophiolite sequence. An outdoor classroom is operated in the garden of the centre, where interactive lessons and demonstrations are delivered to visiting students and the general public. Impressive rocks and minerals, a maquette of the geology of the area, depicting sites of geological importance and interest (faults, mines, geo-trails, etc.), informational panels and a conference room where the visitor can watch documentaries, of the significance of the geology of the Troodos mountain range are only some of the exhibits in the visitor centre.

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  • Daily exept Mondays:

    09:00 am till 4:00 pm

    (The gate at the entrance of Aminantos mine locks at 16:00)

    Troodos Geopark Visitor Centre is closed on the official E.U. Holidays.
  • ADMISSION:

    Adults € 3

    Children € 2

    For groups of 10 or more people, the ticket is at the special price of 2 euro.

    For groups of children / schools, the ticket is at the special price of 1 euro.

Troodos Botanical Garden

Discover more than 500 types of common, rare and endangered plants at the Troodos Botanic Garden. Located in a ‘Natura 2000’ protected area, at an altitude of 1.400 meters, a visitor can explore the mountain ranges’ flora by admiring them while walking through the Garden. Rest at one of the shaded area and take in the intoxicating aromas of the plants, or admire the beautiful ponds, streams and waterfalls.

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  • Operating Hours:

    April – September, Monday – Friday: 09:00 – 14:00 / weekends and Public Holidays of October 01 & 28 / December 24: 10:00 – 16:00

    July 20 – August 20, Monday – Friday: 09:00 – 14:00 / weekends: 09:30 – 17:00

    October – January, Monday – Friday: 09:00 – 14:00 / Sundays: 10:30 – 15:00.
  • ADMISSION:

    FREE

Fenced Area with Moufflons

Platania Excursion Area

The island’s national symbol, the Moufflon, is unique to Cyprus and can be found within the mountainous forests of Troodos. Next to the Platania Excursion area, find the enclosure where one can admire this majestic wild creature.

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  • Operating Hours:

    Visits are made during the day
  • ADMISSION:

    FREE

Folk art museums in Troodos

  • Omodos Village

    Omodos Village Museums

    At the foothills of Troodos, the picturesque village of Omodos, with narrow cobbled streets and…

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  • Arsos Village

    The Folk Art Museum

    In a restored 18th century residence, discover the Arsos Folk Art Museum, constitudes a level B’ ancient…

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  • Pedoulas Village

    Housed in a restored building Museum

    Housed in a restored building, the Pedoulas Folklore Museum was founded by the Pedoulas expats…

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  • Kalopanayiotis Village

    The House of Lavrentios Museum

    In the quaint village of Kalopanayiotis, the celebrated Bishop Lavrentios’, the bishop of Kyrenia who…

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  • Omodos Village

    National Struggle Museum

    One of the most historic events in the island’s history was the fight for freedom by the People of…

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  • Agros Village

    Painter Frangoulides Museum

    Cyprus’ richness in history and culture nurtured great artists, pioneer painter and Hagiohraphers…

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  • Kakopetria Village

    “Linos” Museum

    Housed in a rustic stone built building in Old Kakopetria, the ‘Linos’ Musuem, offers a look…

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  • Κampos Village

    Forest Museum in Kampos

    The scenic village of Kampos has been historically connected with the forests of Cyprus as the…

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  • Evrychou Village

    Museum of The Cyprus Railway

    In a journey through history of a rich past, the small island of Cyprus, though it may not have…

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  • Galata Village

    The Museum of Folkloric Art

    In the village of Galata, explore rural life of the past at the Musum, of Folkoric Art, established…

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  • Kyperounta Village

    Museum of Traditional Rural Life and Natural History

    In the center of the quaint village of Kyperounta, the Museum of Traditional Rural Life and…

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Museums of EOKA fighters’ sacrifice 1955-59

  • Kourdali Village

    Museum of EOKA fighters’ sacrifice

    The involvement of the village of Kourdali in the island’s historic EOKA struggle was…

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  • Paleochori Village

    Museum – house of Polykarpos Giorkatzi

    In the scenic village of Palaichori, discover the historic family house of the hero Polikarpos…

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  • Pelendri Village

    National Struggle of 1955-59

    Standing proud as a reminder of the heroes of our modern history, is the EOKA National…

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  • Paleochori Village

    EOKA hideout 1955-59

    During the Liberation Struggle EOKA in 1955-1959, the fighters had hideouts throughout the…

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Ecclesiastical Museums

  • Omodos Ecclesiastical Museum

    Within the quaint village of Omodos lies the Monastery of the Holy cross. Trek below the monastery complex, unearth two recently renovated arched halls and marvel at the Ecclesiastical Museum of Omodos. Showcasing remarkable items and priceless treasures of Christian Orthodoxy, it is considered the most attention grabbing Ecclesiastical Museum…

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  • The Byzantine Museum in Kalopanayiotis

    On your tour at the Lambasistis monastery in Kalopayiotis, find the Byzantine Museum. Find ecclesiastical artifacts dating many centuries back each one with an important story to tell. All exhibits have been recovered from churches in other villages…

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  • Museum of the Monastery of Megas Agros – Byzantine Chapel

    A tradition says that monk traveled from Kyziko ( in Asia Minor) to Agros and built the historic Monastery of Mega Agros in the 9th century. In 1894 the monastery was destroyed and in its place the present church of Panagia Eleousa of Agros was built. Visit the chapel museum to admire the…

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  • Arsos Icon Chamber

    In the historic village of Arsos the Apostole Phillip Icon chamber holds icons dating between the 17th and 20th century available for all to behold. Notable icons dating in the 17th century are the icon of Christ and The Virgin Mary, attributed to Dimitrios and of Saint John the Baptist attributed to…

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  • The Byzantine Museum of Pedoulas

    The UNESCO World Heritage site, dating back to 1474, the church of Archangel Michael stands proudly near the Pedoulas Byzantine Museum. Founded by the late Andreas Ellinas. Visit the Museum to…

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  • Vasa Koilaniou Church Museum

    An icon exhibit at the Agios Ioannis Prodromos (Saint John the Baptist) church can be found in Vasa Koilaniou. Discover the 14th century icon of Saint…

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  • Sacristy of Lofou village

    Upon reaching the village of Lofou, the church dedicated to the Annunciation of Mary towers proudly. A church concluded in 1872 and adorned with frescoes in 1919 by Othon Giavopoulos. In the church…

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  • Ecclesiastical Museum of Kyperounda village

    In the old church of Timios Stavros (Holy Cross) in Kyperounta village the Ecclesiastical Museum is housed. Precious collections of artifacts and icons are exhibited whithin the Museum. Remarkable…

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  • Icon Collection of Lemythou village

    If you wonder to the Chaped of Agio Theodoros in Lemythou village, you must see the icon collection housed within. Find the 13th century icon of the Virgin Mary Kykkotissa and the 14th century icon of…

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  • Agridia Icon Chamber

    Southeast of the community the Prophet Elias Church built in 1960 houses the Icon chamber on the women’s section. Exhibiting icons originating from surrounding villages and relics from the old church of Prophet Elias dating bak to the 16th-17th century. Notable exhibits include an iconostasi dating back…

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  • Palaichori Village Museum

    In the mountainous village of Palichori lies a renovated house with traditional architecture. There the Byzantine Museum of Palichori exhibits outstanding works of religions art dating from the Frankish…

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