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Troodos is renowned since antiquity for its dense forests and rich mines. It provided timber and copper for the construction of ancient ships and weapons that fought the battles and naval engagements of the classical era.
In Byzantine times it became a centre for religious art, as monks and ordinary folk built and decorated superb churches and monasteries, away from the regularly raided and pirate savaged coastal lowlands. Nature has been particularly generous to Troodos.
Its lower slopes alternate between terraced vineyards and the Phoenician juniper maquis, found in abundance near the coast, sprinkled in places with pink rock rose and wild lavender. Bright green pine trees and majestic cedars dominate in the higher elevations.
It is an area of extreme natural beauty throughout the year. Whether escaping the summer heat, walking or cycling along scenic routes in spring or autumn or sipping a hot beverage after a demanding skiing descent in winter, Troodos is the place for all seasons.
Troodos provides a wide range of hotels, traditional houses and agrotourism establishments for accommodation and hosting of small scale seminars or conferences. There is a choice of nearly 2,000 available beds, in different types of licensed establishments, from basic village accommodation to 4*star hotels.
The region offers an abundance of things to do and see. It is an area of fresh air, winding nature trails and scenic panoramas. Walking or cycling through forests on mountain trails, attending village festivals, experiencing the local traditional gastronomy, or discovering the cultural treasure of the UNESCO World Heritage churches are among the main pursuits. Birdwatchers, botanists, geologists, ramblers, bikers, photographers and nature lovers seeking a relaxing break away from the cosmopolitan coastal resorts will be delighted.
Located around the central and higher pineclad elevations of Troodos, the Lemesos (Limassol) Mountain Resort region features charming village communities.
The region east of mount Olympus is known as Pitsilia. It is home to Machairas National Park. Its highest peaks are Madari (1,612m.) and Papoutsa (1,554m.).
Marathasa Valley is located on the northern slopes of the Troodos range. It is a fertile area, where the picturesque villages of Kalopanagiotis